The commonly used stones for White Marble stone sculptures are divided into the following categories:
1. Superior White Marble
In Fangshan area, commonly known as Sanchi White by local people, it is a 1m thick White Marble interlayer formed in the middle and lower part of the mountain. Sanchi white is very hard, and its color is white and uniform. The thickness of this layer is only 1m at most. There is no White Marble stone up and down. It is very difficult to mine, and the resources are limited. To take this layer of Sanchi white, the upper part of the whole mountain must be fully mined and cleaned. The mining speed is very slow. If you want to use a lot of materials, you should prepare to purchase raw materials as soon as possible.
2. Fangshan White
Fangshan White (named after the place name) has a very white color, but its hardness is poor, and it can be ground even by rubbing it hard with your hands. This kind of White Marble has little difference from Sanchi white on the surface, but its internal hardness is very different, and the price is also very different. Therefore, sculptors should have certain identification ability when selecting materials.
3. Snow White
The snow-white surface has a flaky crystalline feature and is highly brittle, making it unsuitable to carve excessively fine content, such as character sculptures or smaller stone carvings. The Quyang area in Hebei Province often uses this stone to process traditional Chinese lions. Snow white has abundant raw materials in Quyang, but the volume of formed stones is not very large.
4. Grass white jade
Hebei Grass White Jade is also abundant in Quyang, with a slightly greenish surface color and irregular yellow lines, similar in shape to the yellow marks left by grass ropes tied to white stones. Therefore, it is named Grass White Jade. Grass white jade has a hard texture. If the sculpture is located in a higher position, grass white jade can be chosen. Due to its low stone cost, it is also a commonly used ideal material for carving. When selecting materials, it is important to seek the help of experienced stone workers to prevent the appearance of yellow lines or patches in key areas during the carving process.
5. Xiangbai Jade
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White Marble also produces white marble, also known as Hunan white jade. The origin of Hunan white jade is in Miluo, Hunan. It is not difficult to mine, and the stone blocks can be large or small, which is also very difficult, but the color is slightly green. It is suitable for outdoor large-scale sculpture. As long as it is not polished too smooth, the color is also very white from a distance. It is a relatively economical and practical material.